The University of Hawaii Manoa's School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology is getting a $40 million infusion of funds, thanks to the Simons Foundation. Professors David Karl and Edward Delong will head up a global oceanographic research project, known as the Simons Collaboration on Ocean Processes and Ecology, or SCOPE. The five-year project aims to advance understanding of the microscopic organisms that inhabit every drop of seawater and how those microorganisms control the movement and exchange of energy and nutrients. Microorganisms in the sea are responsible for a host of activities, including producing oxygen, forming the base of the food web for fisheries worldwide, and breaking down human-produced pollutants.